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  • Se'Lena Wingfield, Ph.D.

Co-Parenting with a Narcissist: Holiday Survival Guide

Parallel parenting with a narcissistic co-parent can present unique challenges, especially during the holidays. Navigating this situation requires a strategic approach to protect your mental health and ensure the well-being of your child.

Parallel parenting is a co-parenting approach designed for situations where high conflict or communication challenges exist between separated or divorced parents. In parallel parenting, the emphasis is on minimizing direct contact and reducing conflict for the benefit of the children involved. This approach recognizes that certain parents, due to personality differences, past conflicts, or other factors, may find it challenging to co-parent in a traditional, collaborative manner.

Key features of parallel parenting include:

  1. Limited Direct Communication:

  • Co-parents in a parallel parenting arrangement have minimal direct communication with each other. Instead, they often use written communication methods, such as email or messaging apps, to share necessary information.

  1. Clear and Detailed Parenting Plan:

  • A detailed parenting plan is crucial in parallel parenting. This plan outlines specific details about custody arrangements, visitation schedules, and other important aspects of co-parenting. Clarity in the plan helps reduce potential sources of conflict.

  1. Parallel Decision-Making:

  • Each parent is responsible for making day-to-day decisions and parenting choices during their designated time with the children. This reduces the need for constant collaboration and minimizes opportunities for disagreements.

  1. Minimal Interaction During Exchanges:

  • In parallel parenting, the handover of the children between households is often structured to minimize direct interaction between the co-parents. This may involve drop-offs and pick-ups at neutral locations or using a third party for the exchanges.

  1. Focus on Child-Centric Approach:

  • The primary focus of parallel parenting is on the well-being of the children. Even though co-parents may not interact much, they share a commitment to providing a stable and supportive environment for their children.

  1. Disengagement from Each Other's Lives:

  • Co-parents in a parallel parenting arrangement typically disengage from each other's personal lives. This means avoiding involvement in each other's social activities, relationships, and other personal matters.

  1. Professional or Neutral Third-Party Involvement:

  • In cases of significant conflict, a mediator, therapist, or other neutral third party may be involved to facilitate communication or help resolve disputes. This professional can provide guidance without direct involvement in day-to-day parenting decisions.

Here are some challenges and tips for parallel parenting with a narcissist during the holidays:


If you are co-parenting with a narcissist you are likely experiencing the following:

  1. Manipulative Behavior:

  • Narcissists may use the holiday season to manipulate situations, guilt-trip, or gain control by creating conflicts or drama.

  1. Unpredictability:

  • Narcissistic co-parents may be unpredictable, making it challenging to plan or adhere to agreed-upon arrangements for the holidays.

  1. Focus on Image:

  • Narcissists often prioritize their public image, potentially impacting how they present themselves during family gatherings or events.

  1. Disregard for Boundaries:

  • Setting and maintaining boundaries can be difficult, as narcissists tend to disregard or challenge limits imposed by the other parent.

  1. Impact on Child's Emotions:

  • The narcissistic parent's behavior may negatively impact the child's emotions, especially if the holidays are used as a tool for manipulation or control.

Tips for Parallel Parenting:

  1. Set Clear Boundaries:

  • Clearly communicate boundaries and expectations for holiday interactions. Be firm and consistent in maintaining these boundaries for your own well-being and that of your child.

  1. Use Written Communication:

  • Communicate in writing whenever possible to create a documented record of conversations. This can be valuable in case disputes arise.

  1. Create a Detailed Parenting Plan:

  • Develop a detailed parenting plan for the holidays, specifying visitation schedules, gift-giving arrangements, and any other relevant details. Having a clear plan reduces ambiguity.

  1. Stay Focused on Your Child:

  • Prioritize your child's well-being over personal conflicts. Keep your focus on creating positive experiences for them during the holidays.

  1. Utilize Neutral Communication Channels:

  • If direct communication is challenging, use neutral channels such as email or co-parenting apps to share information and coordinate schedules.

  1. Have a Support System:

  • Build a strong support system with friends, family, or a therapist who understands the challenges of co-parenting with a narcissist. Seek guidance and emotional support when needed.

  1. Practice Self-Care:

  • Prioritize self-care during the holidays. Take time for activities that bring you joy and relaxation to counteract stress associated with co-parenting challenges.

  1. Document Incidents:

  • Keep a record of any incidents or violations of the parenting plan. Documentation may be useful if legal intervention becomes necessary.

  1. Educate Yourself:

  • Understand the traits and behaviors associated with narcissism. This knowledge can help you anticipate and navigate potential challenges more effectively.

  1. Involve Professionals if Necessary:

  • If conflicts persist, involve legal professionals or mediators. They can provide guidance and facilitate discussions to reach agreements.

Protecting Mental Health:

  1. Practice Mindfulness:

  • Engage in mindfulness practices to stay present and manage stress. Techniques such as meditation and deep breathing can be beneficial.

  1. Limit Exposure:

  • Limit exposure to the narcissistic co-parent when possible. Focus on quality interactions rather than quantity.

  1. Seek Therapy:

  • Consider individual or family therapy to address the emotional impact of co-parenting with a narcissist and develop coping strategies.

  1. Focus on What You Can Control:

  • Recognize and accept that you cannot control the narcissistic co-parent's behavior. Focus on what you can control, such as your reactions and decisions.

  1. Create New Traditions:

  • Establish new holiday traditions that are within your control. This can provide a sense of stability and joy for you and your child.

  1. Stay Positive:

  • Cultivate a positive mindset and remind yourself that you are doing your best in a challenging situation. Celebrate small victories and positive moments.

  1. Model Healthy Behavior for Your Child:

  • Demonstrate healthy coping mechanisms and communication styles for your child. This can positively influence their emotional well-being.

Remember that parallel parenting is designed to minimize direct contact and conflict. While it may not completely eliminate challenges, implementing these strategies can help you navigate the holiday season more effectively and protect both your mental health and your child's well-being. If legal concerns arise, consult with a family law attorney to explore appropriate avenues for resolution.


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